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Stem Cells start to originate in our bodies even before we are born since they are the raw materials that are logically programmed to carry out our natural healing process. Yet, being human, we are exposed to traumas, accidents, and various other situations where we get sick or encounter bodily harm that causes us to fall sick or become physically impaired to perform well in our lives. Likewise, many illnesses are passed on genetically, which normally couldn’t be avoided, to begin with. 

In the past, medical specialists would perform painful and precision-based surgeries that incurred huge monetary costs and even the slightest error could create a bigger problem for the patient and their livelihood for the rest of their lives. In this sense, Stem Cell Therapies that use umbilical cord stem cells are completely pain-free, the treatment itself is having minimum risks associated with it and the whole process is ethically sound, as well as regulated by Food and Drug Administration (USA) and is fully approved by Drug Regulatory Authority Pakistan.

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What is Umbilical Cord Stem Cells?

What is Umbilical Cord Stem Cells
Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

Once the female eggs are fertilized, the first stem cell will come into existence and will eventually form the placenta, the umbilical cord will form, and the baby. This first stem cell will also go one to form the vital organs and tissues of the baby, which will last for his or her life after their birth. There are various sources of obtaining stem cells to conduct stem cell therapies for patients suffering from related chronic illnesses. Similarly, several types of stem cells are being used to treat different illnesses through the process of stem cell therapies. Among the stem cells used in the process, the most potent and effective are umbilical cord stem cells. 

These cells have the best regenerative properties and can be used on a wide scale with minimum side effects. Yet, obtaining and securing these stem cells is not an easy task and requires specialized equipment and highly capable medical professionals. The medical professionals also make sure that the said cells are stored and used by following the recognized best practices all over the world.

Types of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

Types of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells
Types of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

Hematopoietic Stem Cells

These stem cells are responsible for creating the components of the immune system of the human body as well as the blood system. Hematopoietic stem cells are present in abundance in the umbilical cord blood, which is the primary source to extract such stem cells for stem cell-related procedures. According to the medical specialists these stem cells are commonly known to be highly potent and quick in regeneration and are being used as the standard medical procedure in diseases related to the hematological and to be more precise in the human body immune system.

Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Mesenchymal stem cells just like Hematopoietic stem cells are being used globally to treat patients with the use of stem cell therapies. Mesenchymal stem cells are responsible for creating the tissues of the body. They include muscles, organs, and even bones and are usually present in the tissue of the umbilical cord. Owing to their excessive potential, they establish the main line of research for the regeneration medicine therapies and are directly beneficial in the treatment of organs and tissues, under the process of stem cell procedures by medical specialists.

Why are they Significant in Regenerative Medicine?

There is enough evidence to prove the high success rate of stem cell therapies around the world, at R3 Stem Cell Pakistan alone there have been thousands of treatments that have enabled the patients to lead a comfortable pain-free life. In this regard, stem cell therapies follow a consistent improvement process that further enhances the effectiveness of the treatments as time passes. Currently, multiple chronic illnesses are being treated through stem cell therapies including Arthritis, Anti-Aging, Autoimmune Diseases, Cartilage Defects, COPD, Diabetes, Erectile Dysfunction, Kidney Failure, Neck & Back Pain, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sciatica, and Stroke among others.

Process Of Obtaining Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

Process Of Obtaining Umbilical Cord Stem Cells
Process Of Obtaining Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

To obtain the umbilical cord stem cells to be used for public clinical treatments, it is essential to prepare and inform all the stakeholders involved about the process. Further, all the needed equipment must be available like specific containers, cryoprotectants, anticoagulants, liquified nitrogen, authorized personnel, etc., and alternate equipment in case of an unforeseen incident. The stakeholders are also advised to be familiar with the costs related to this procurement process to achieve the best conservation process conditions.

Once the baby is delivered, the collection process of these stem cells has to follow strict timelines, which is less than 72 hours. Within this timeframe, the stem cells need to be collected, processed and sent for cryopreservation with the help of liquified nitrogen and specially made containers for their safekeeping. However, before removing the placenta from the uterus, professionals need to puncture and collect the blood from the umbilical vein with the help of gravity alone, this collection must be done with a specific collection container in which an anticoagulant is present. The container is then sealed and transported while avoiding any sudden changes in the needed temperatures which are normally between 14 to 21º Celsius.

The process continues when the collected cells reach the laboratory, where the blood sample is sent for centrifuging as this process separates different parts of the collected sample. One part which is collected after centrifuging is the yellow fraction which is called the plasma, the second part is a red fraction that is the red blood cells, and lastly the white fraction where the actual stem cells remain. The medical professionals then add the cryoprotectant before freezing the cells, to remove any possible traces of water vapors so they cannot harm the cell walls of the stem cells. Once this whole process is done, the stem cells are then sent forward to be stored at –190 º C until a patient needs them.