Musculoskeletal Disorder

Table of Contents

What is Musculoskeletal?

The term musculoskeletal refers to the muscles, bones, and related structures of the body. The musculoskeletal system comprises over 600 pairs of muscles, 206 bones, 33 joints, dozens of tendons, ligaments, and other supporting structures. While these structures are separate, they work together to function as we do.

What is Musculoskeletal Disorder?

Musculoskeletal disorders are any problems that affect the muscles or bones. Most people have one or more musculoskeletal injuries or concerns during their lifetime. For most people, these problems will heal, and the strengths and bones return to normal. But for some people, musculoskeletal problems last a long time or keep coming back.

Examples of Musculoskeletal Disorders?

Some common examples of disorders in the musculoskeletal system are arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, bicipital tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and plantar fasciitis.

Common Types of Musculoskeletal Disorder?

There are many types of musculoskeletal disorders. Here is a list of some common forms:

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
  • Tendonitis.
  • Muscle / Tendon strain.
  • Ligament Sprain.
  • Tension Neck Syndrome.
  • Thoracic Outlet Compression.
  • Rotator Cuff Tendonitis.
  • Epicondylitis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Sciatica
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Paget’s disease
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis).

These conditions are all considered musculoskeletal disorders because they affect the muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, and joints in your body. The cause of this disorder is often unknown; in some cases, it’s due to a previous injury, and in other cases, there is no obvious cause.

What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders?

There are many possible symptoms when you have a musculoskeletal disorder. Some common ones associated with these conditions include:

  • Pain, tenderness
  • Stiffness.
  • Swelling.
  • Tenderness at the site of injury.
  • Inability to move certain joints normally or complete tasks that you formerly could do without pain.

Though not always present, some of these disorders can cause fever, fatigue, and a general feeling of unwellness.

What are the risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders?

Some people may be more likely than others to develop a musculoskeletal disorder based on their genetic makeup, age, lifestyle choices, occupation, or activities they regularly engage in. Some risk factors include:


Genetics: You may have an increased likelihood of developing certain problems if other members of your family have suffered from similar issues or disorders.


Age: As you get older, the chance of developing more and more musculoskeletal problems increases greatly, especially if your job involves lifting heavy weights, repetitive tasks, and staying in one position for a long period.


Lifestyle choices: Sometimes, people make poor decisions that affect their musculoskeletal health, such as smoking, consuming too much alcohol or caffeine, not getting enough exercise, or spending too much time using computers playing computer games. These things can all make you more susceptible to developing some musculoskeletal disorder.


Occupation: People who work in certain jobs are more likely to suffer from muscle pain or injuries than those in other professions. Some jobs carry a higher risk of injury due to the actions and motions that they require their employees to do every day.

Activities: People who engage in specific activities can also put themselves at a higher risk of acquiring some kind of musculoskeletal problem. Some examples include sports, weight lifting, repetitive hand movements when working with your hands or wrists, long-term computer use without proper form, etc.

What are common treatments for musculoskeletal disorders?

Treatment is dependent on the diagnosis of the disorder; however, there are many options available depending on what exactly needs attention. Here is a list of some common forms of treatment used to combat these conditions:


Over-the-counter medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medicines, and other drugs to manage pain and swelling.


Physical therapy: These treatments involve exercises, massage therapies, diathermy / cryotherapy, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, low-level laser, or acupuncture.


Occupational therapy: This treatment is most common for people that have sustained an injury at work. It involves working with a therapist to find ways of allowing you to return to your job while minimizing any further damage.

Surgery: If the problem has not responded well to non-surgical forms of treatment or is severe enough to warrant surgery, then your doctor can recommend it as an option after all other options have been exhausted.

How can Stem Cell Therapy treat Musculoskeletal Disorders?

Stem Cell Therapy for Musculoskeletal Disorders involves using stem cells to regenerate damaged tissues. Stem cell treatments can rebuild these tissues with renewed strength and functionality, returning the patient to their pre-injury state or better. The goal of stem cell therapy is to repair or replace diseased tissue that has been damaged beyond the body’s ability to heal. This means patients with musculoskeletal injuries may benefit most from this type of treatment.

Some common issues are listed below:

  1. Muscle damage due to injury or disease
  2. Cartilage damage, e.g., arthritis, meniscus tears
  3. Bone fractures/breaks – particularly those in which the bone’s natural healing abilities have been compromised by disease or injury
  4. Tendon damage, e.g., tennis elbow
  5. Joint Lubrication issues – i.e., arthritis or other degenerative joint conditions

Stem cell therapy has been proven to be a successful treatment for Amputations, including traumatic injuries and failed surgical procedures such as tumor removal Cartilage/joint damage, tendon/muscle damage, Damaged ligaments and tendons Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Fractured bones, Hemophilia Stroke damage, Multiple Sclerosis, etc.

The ideal solution would be to use Umbilical Cord Stem Cells, which are more potent at accelerating tissue regrowth following injury or disease. Umbilical Cord Stem Cells are derived from healthy Umbilical Cord tissue. They are perfectly matched hosts meaning the likelihood of organ damage, or rejection is dramatically reduced compared to harvesting stem cells from bone marrow or other adult tissues.


Musculoskeletal disorders are conditions that affect the body’s muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, and joints. They are among the most common types of significant long-term pain problems people face in modern society.

Stem cell therapy is an emerging field with great potential for further treatment of Musculoskeletal disorders.

R3 Stem Cell Pakistan has developed a patented and proprietary method of preparing stem cells from the umbilical cord tissue, which is used to treat specific medical conditions such as those listed above. By growing these cells in our laboratory, we can optimize their potency so that they can be used as effective treatments against diseases and injuries. For more information, visit our website or contact us at for a consultation.