Table of Contents
What Is Lyme Disease And How It Develops
Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacterial contamination from a spirochete called Borrelia Burgdorferi. It gets transmitted to humans through a bite of a tick that belongs to the genus Ixodes group of insects, which are infected from several sources like wild animals or rodents, deer, and even birds. The clinical indicators categorize this disease into three different stages, early-stage, disseminated stage disease, and late-stage disease.
Early Stage of Lyme Disease
The localized early-stage disease occurs soon after the tick bites a person, with the inoculation of Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is characterized by the appearance of primary symptoms, like fever, headache, regional lymphadenopathy, and general malaise, which can be confused with the flu. In most cases, a distinctive skin lesion appears at the inoculation site. It consists of an erythematous plaque that grows centrifugally, sometimes with scattered whitish areas that resemble a target appearance.
This lesion can be of many centimeters and appears in about a week or two after the bite. The most frequent location is the lower extremities, and it is usually asymptomatic, so it can sometimes go unnoticed. Occasionally there may be several distant lesions, similar to the original but smaller in size.
Disseminated Stage of Lyme Disease
If it is not treated correctly, weeks or months after the bite, the second stage begins, characterized by the systemic dissemination of the spirochete, especially to the musculoskeletal system, skin, central nervous system, and heart. Patients present legitimate symptoms like fever, headache, arthralgia, or generalized musculoskeletal pain. Neurological involvement in the form of headaches, encephalitis, meningitis, or ataxia can also be felt by the patient. In the heart, it can cause arrhythmia, pericarditis, or heart failure. It can also affect the eyes, with optic neuritis, keratitis, and iritis.
The Later Stage of Lyme Disease
Late staged infection can be divided into 2 large groups: manifestations due to persistent Borrelia infection, and manifestations due to reactive autoimmune phenomena, and irreversible tissue damage. Spirochetes can survive in some organs and systems for prolonged periods, triggering manifestations of a chronic nature and getting more difficult to diagnose. In this period there are persistent Lyme arthritis, neurological involvement, and chronic atrophic acrodermatitis, characterized by inflammation of the acral parts, with atrophic, and prominence of veins.
The diagnosis of Lyme disease is primarily clinical, it initially looks familiar to flu-like symptoms and erythematous skin lesion with centrifugal growth. Many of the patients do not remember the tick bite as considerable time already passes before one could notice, so it is necessary to ask specifically about it. Knowing how to detect Lyme disease is essential for early detection. Serologic tests that detect Borrelia antibodies in the blood can support this diagnosis but present many false negatives as well.
Some Prevention Measures
Prevention measures include the use of repellants, long-sleeved clothing, the exploration of animals, or the active search for ticks if you have been on farms or in borreliosis endemic areas. After the removal of the tick, an active clinical observation should be carried out.
Stem Cell Treatment for Lyme Disease
Stem cell treatment has proven itself to be a groundbreaking healthcare service that is now available for consumers throughout the world. The benefits of stem cell therapy or regenerative medicinal treatments are numerous. The results are also very promising as found in the evidence of thousands of patients that went with the stem cell treatment. Stem cells can treat several diseases that are found in different areas of the human body. Brain, nervous system, heart, muscles, joints, reproductive system, and even skin are some areas of the body that are at risk due to chronic Lyme disease, making stem cell therapy for Lyme disease very important. Sometimes these symptoms may take months to develop and it is impossible to predict when they may appear. Therefore, it’s best to visit a doctor before the disease takes a bigger toll on the patient.
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