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Diabetes

What Is Diabetes and How It Develops

Diabetes is a chronic disease that develops over time and is carried genetically into the family. It is categorized by a surge or decline in the concentration of glucose levels in the blood of the person because our pancreas cannot produce or regulate, or our body cannot use, naturally available insulin appropriately. Insulin is the essential hormone for a healthy and fulfilling life. All of us require insulin round the clock, every day, on a consistent and yet varying basis. In other words, we do not need the same amount of insulin at all times. This means that when a person consumes food or even sugary drinks, they need significantly more insulin, whereas, when the same person may be physically active or performing any chores, they will need less insulin in their blood.

The human body’s insulin factory is the pancreas, it is a secretory organ located on the left side of our abdomen, which is pretty close to our stomach. The insulin passes from that point, into our main circulation of the blood that is then distributed throughout our bodies. Energy is needed by our bodies to function, just like a vehicle needs fuel to move. We obtain this needed energy from the food we consume. Normally, most of what we consume contains carbohydrates, which pass to the stomach and our intestines, transformed by our digestion process into glucose, otherwise known as the simplest form of sugar. These carbohydrates, when converted in the form of glucose, are then allowed to pass into our blood and it is at this time that our body needs insulin.

Insulin is a necessary component for glucose to enter our cells, just like a key, glucose can then be used as the needed energy source. Without insulin, excess glucose builds up in the blood and causes hyperglycemia, and is excreted through urine. This causes a diabetic patient to urinate in large volumes under the condition called Polyuria, and they need to drink a lot of fluids known as Polydipsia. Diabetic patients also face diminishing energy in their cells causing a diabetic person to lose weight exceptionally fast and feel chronic fatigue as a daily routine. 

Types of Diabetes

More commonly known there are two types of diabetes, and they are briefly explained below.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

This type of diabetes frequently activates in the early years of our lives, like our adolescent years, this is why it’s also commonly called juvenile diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus represents around 5 to 10% of all cases of diabetes that are found in the world. It results in the weakening of the pancreas’ insulin-producing cells, commonly by an autoimmune disease mechanism. Our immune system is designed to protect us from external hostilities, yet in this case, it becomes an aggressor itself and starts attacking our body, causing the inactivation of the beta cells of the pancreas. This phenomenon creates an absolute insulin deficit.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

It is the most common form of diabetes and normally ranges in about 90-95% of all diabetes cases globally. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is much more common to start in maturity or old age brackets, hence the popular name for diabetes in older people, even though it can start at any age. It is more frequent in the later years of life, and especially in people who suffer from obesity. Type 2 diabetes mellitus appears when our body becomes unable to produce or use insulin itself suitably.

Type 2 diabetes generally results in symptoms that are generally less obvious than type 1 diabetes and often do not cause any discomfort, going unnoticed for a long time. For this reason, many people find out by chance through routine medical check-ups that are carried out for another reason, may they be company reviews or perhaps treatments for any other disease. If blood glucose values ​​are very high, healthcare specialists may notice typical symptoms.

Stem Cell Treatments for Diabetes

Umbilical Cord Stem Cells and or Amniotic Fluid Derived Stem Cells are commonly used to treat both types of Diabetes in clinical settings. Diabetes is a diverse disease, it is genetically passed on to the family members and is often identified in the latter stages, making it more difficult to treat. Stem cell therapies make sure that the procedure not only restricts the damage done by the disease but promotes the natural healing process as well. This means that the patient will start producing insulin themselves rather than using insulin injections or high potency medications.  

Regenerative Medicine is all about equipping the body to sustain its natural healing process which could’ve been damaged or weakened due to several reasons. In the case of diabetes, stem cells are morphed into beta cells that produce and secrete insulin based on the need of the body’s blood sugar levels. This whole concept confirms that stem cell-based treatments are the futuristic healthcare services that are now available for the masses with minimum risks and the highest success rates. 

Why R3 Stem Cell Pakistan Is Best for Treating Diabetes

R3 Stem Cell Pakistan is the country’s only regenerative medicinal clinic that offers the complete stem cell treatment solution to diabetic patients. Our team of doctors consists of the best professionals that are having ample knowledge and expertise to treat this chronic disease in the best way possible. R3 Stem Cell Pakistan operates under the globally accepted best practices in modern healthcare services. Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) has fully approved R3 Stem Cell Pakistan, based on the quality we offer to our patients. R3 Stem Cell Pakistan now offers ‘Free Consultation’ just connect with us today by calling at (051) 889-6711, or WhatsApp us at 0332-8896111, or simply email us at info@r3stemcell.pk.