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Cartilage Defects

What is Cartilage Defect and How It Develops

Cartilages are found at the points of our body where joints are, like our knee joints, our shoulder’s joint, and any other point where two bones primarily come into contact and a type of movement occurs within these joints or points. The ‘Articular Cartilages’ are responsible for lessening the friction that is usually produced in our joints while the bones joined at the points, perform any type of movement.

The first thing we might notice, whenever we see a joint in the body is that it’s made up of two or more primary bones. These bones are placed in the body in a way that there is a space to move between them that causes the bones to slide off each other, so we can perform any action like walking, lifting, pushing, etc. Right at the intersection of these two primary bones is an envelope called the Fibrous Capsule. The insides of the fibrous capsule are lined with a tissue named the Synovial Membrane. Yet, right in the part of the bones, where the movement happens is a layer of tissue, which resembles a rubber band as it repositions once the movement has happened.

This tissue is the articular cartilage, and its cells have meticulous properties. Cartilages are not nurtured with the help of the blood like the rest of the cells of our bodies, however, it gets support from the synovial fluids that are produced from the synovial membrane. Cartilage’s injury generates a sort of subtle pain in the anterior aspect of the knee and it may get worse with time, extensive exertion, or simply lack treatment.

Below these cartilage surface fibers, more fibers are positioned and they are placed in a more disordered manner, we can see them in all directions as they offer greater mechanical or movement strength. More fibers are arranged perpendicularly in the last level of fibers in the cartilage to provide extra cushioning for bone movement. In the first phase of cartilage wear, we may observe that the superficial fibers, which are generally arranged in a parallel symmetry, begin to unravel or break from the cartilage starting the process known as fibrillation.

As time passes, the unraveling of the fibers keeps progressing, until the first layer is completely worn out and the lesions start to develop in the lower layer of the fibers. As the wear and tear progress, it includes a greater extent of the cartilage and more areas of the cartilage fibers, until wear and tear destroy the whole cartilage tissues which apart from being very painful ends up exposing the bones with each other creating more friction and blocking or restricting any movement at all.

Causes Of Cartilage Defects

Anatomical And Hereditary

A patient could have inherited the cartilage defect from their parents or even grandparents. In this situation, the patient may have a very thin or weak articular cartilage or a synovial membrane that does not produce the correct amount or quality of synovial fluid that nourishes and eliminates the constant frictions being produced among cartilages. Therefore, the patient’s cartilage might wear out even when they are young or before they reach a mature age bracket.

Mechanical Pressure

Mechanical pressure can be generated due to different reasons for example the alterations in joint mechanics happen when a knee whose valgus is greater, causes more strain on the internal or external side of the cartilage of the tibia. Another reason could be the low physical activity as physical activity is stimulating for the cartilages. The third reason may be the consistent or maintained tensions this refers to the tensions typical of a sedentary lifestyle: a strong but brief tension stimulates the articular cartilage; however, small but sustained stress injures the cartilage. And lastly, the more prominent reason is being overweight which causes excessive pressure on the cartilages at all times.

Chemical, Traumatic Factors and Diseases

Poisoning of the tissues, sudden physical trauma, and other specific diseases may cause bad environments for the articular cartilage to stay healthy or it may accelerate its wear and tear process. These factors could also be the reason for the athletes to rupture or damage their cartilages with a sudden sharp movement, an unwanted blow to the joint, or immense pressure on the joint area. All these factors may be a reason for the devastation of the cartilages or their environment in the body.

Stem Cell Treatments for Cartilage Defects

Treatment of Cartilage Defects with regenerative medicinal procedures is not a new phenomenon now. Thousands of patients have received stem cell therapies and the results were as promising as they were being anticipated. As time passes, further innovation and improvement are being sought after by the medical practitioners who perform stem cell treatments to patients suffering from different chronic and acutely painful diseases. Because of the modernization and findings, stem cell treatments are now being opted by patients around the world to get better from the diseases that were once considered to have no cure or treatment at all.

Stem cell therapies will offer maximum utility to their patients. The whole process will take lesser time than any other traditional treatment. Patients will be able to avoid any painful and precision-based surgeries whose chances of success are not as promising, to begin with. Not to mention the risks associated with the traditional highly potent pain killers and other medications. Stem cell treatments offer a brand-new way to get back to life in the best way possible.

Stem Cell Treatments for Cartilage Defects

Why R3 Stem Cell Pakistan Is Perfect for Treating Cartilage Defects

R3 Stem Cell Pakistan offers the latest regenerative medicine therapy that is being practiced around the world. We remain at par with the most advanced stem cell treatment practices, to provide our patients with the most promising treatment based on their conditions. R3 Stem Cell Pakistan’s doctors are thorough professionals having ample understanding of the disease you might be afflicted with. We are fully approved by the Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) and we have a zero-tolerance policy on the quality of our medical procedures. R3 Stem Cell Pakistan now proudly offers ‘Free Consultation’ just call us on this number (051) 889-6711, or WhatsApp us at 0332-8896111, or simply email us at info@r3stemcell.pk.