Ankylosing Spondylitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
By R3 Stem Cell Pakistan
What is Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints connecting the spine to the pelvis, resulting in a fusing together of these joints in a process called ankylosis. It affects men more than women, and the onset generally occurs between the age of 16 and 30. It is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the spine, but also may affect peripheral joints and skin. Ankylosing spondylitis causes pain, stiffness, and inflammation of the joints. It can lead to limited mobility and even disability in severe cases especially for people who are not properly diagnosed and treated.
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Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis
The exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis remains unknown; however, several theories exist to explain the development of the disease. One theory states that the disease is caused by the presence of HLA-B27.
This gene is also associated with Reiter’s syndrome and psoriatic arthritis, both autoimmune disorders. Another theory suggests that ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is caused by the presence of a bacterial infection. Proponents of this theory believe that a bacterial infection, which may be subclinical, triggers an immune response in genetically predisposed individuals. This immune response leads to inflammation of the spinal joints and entheses, resulting in pain and stiffness.
Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis
The signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis vary from person to person. In general, individuals with ankylosing spondylitis experience pain and stiffness in their lower back, or lumbar region, which is often worse in the morning or after a period of rest. They may also experience stiffness in the neck and pain and inflammation of the shoulders. In addition, swollen or inflamed sacroiliac joints can restrict mobility and lead to a waddling gait. Over time, affected individuals can develop thickening and loss of elasticity in their spinal ligaments; this is referred to as “bamboo spine.” In severe cases, individuals may lose the ability to turn their heads from side to side. Chronic inflammation of the eye can lead to uveitis and pain in the eyes.
The primary symptom of ankylosing spondylitis is back pain, typically after long periods of rest. It can make it difficult to get out of bed in the morning because the joints are very stiff and painful to move or get up from a seated position. Other symptoms can include morning stiffness that lasts for 1 hour or more, eye inflammation that causes redness, pain, and blurred vision, foot inflammation with redness, and a burning sensation in the soles of the feet. One of the most common symptoms is fatigue.
Treatments for Ankylosing Spondylitis
The goal of treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is to reduce pain and stiffness, improve mobility and function, and limit the occurrence of permanent deformities. Treatment options include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Analgesics and painkillers
- Physical therapy includes stretching exercises, exercise machines, and swimming
- Traction with a pulley system
- Surgery to fuse the spine in its most rigid state, removing damaged bone and tissue
- Patients who experience gradually worsening weakness of the legs may be prescribed steroids.
- Homeopathic treatment for ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
Most of the existing treatments are aimed at managing, rather than curing, ankylosing spondylitis. However, Stem cell therapy is one of the most effective ways to treat ankylosing spondylitis that has no adverse effects, making it an ideal treatment option.
Choose Stem Cell Therapy for Ankylosing Spondylitis:
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic disease that can severely impact one’s quality of life. With limited treatments available to manage the symptoms of AS, many patients are forced to cope with pain on a daily basis. But stem cell therapy has shown excellent results in managing the disease and improving a patient’s quality of life. Various studies have documented positive outcomes in the use of stem cells to treat ankylosing spondylitis.
As of now, stem cell therapy is getting very popular in treating Ankylosing Spondylitis. It’s effective in pain relief and in restoring lost functions to some extent. If you are facing or suffering from the same condition then you should consult with R3 Stem Cell Pakistan for proper treatment.